Micropsychoanalysis: a psychoanalysis “under a microscope” - logo

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The practice of micropsychoanalysis requires long and specific training, dictated by the Commission for Practice of the International Micropsychoanalytical Society (SIM, Société Internationale de Micropsychanalyse). It implies that a micropsychoanalyst must comply with the laws of the country where he or she practices.

Before starting the training, the candidate must have gone through an in-depth personal micropsychoanalysis, followed by a sedimentation period of about one year. During this sedimentation period, the candidate begins to get familiar with the work of Sigmund Freud and he must have completed an internship in psychiatry.

The didactic analysis is carried with a didactician and a micropsychoanalyst receives training, lying on the couch, in two steps.

1) The first step is the didactic micropsychoanalysis. The candidate continues deepening his or her personal analysis, while acquiring a theoretical, clinical and technical formation. The didactic analysis is done in three tranches and takes minimum three years.

  • The candidate starts by re-taking up the core themes, the neurotic fixations and the repetitive patterns of his or her life (including transference), by integrating them with clinical evidences and with metapsychology notions.
  • A systematic and comparative study of about ten of his or her dreams will allow the candidate to visualize the dimension of the unconscious, with its laws and characteristics.
  • The third tranche is dedicated to the listening of audio-recordings of some sessions that have marked his or her personal micropsychoanalysis: the candidate directly faces free associations, with their mysterious and laborious dynamics, the overdetermination, the resistances, the transference, the parameters of neurosis; the candidate gets familiar with the fluctuating attention; he learns when and how to make an intervention.

During the training, the candidate acquires a knowledge of others psychoanalytic and psychopathologic approaches.

2) The second step is related to the control sessions that the candidate regularly performs during the first two thousands hours of practice. This is not just about case presentation, but it implies the development of the fundamental rule, the elaboration of the parameters of neurosis and the transference; for what concerns the analyst, such clarification leads to focus on the counter-transference and the interventions. As soon as the beginner micropsychoanalyst has completed two thousand hours of sessions under control (of which two complete micropsychoanalyses), he or she has to present a dissertation in front of the Commission for the Practice of the International Micropsychoanalytical Society, in order to obtain the title of full member ('membre titulaire').



Listening to audio-recordings:
practical work of the future micropsychoanalyst

This is a crucial aspect for the practical training of a micropsychoanalyst: the candidate listens, while on the couch, his own associations, audio-recorded during his or her previous sessions.

He or she learns to recognize and understand the associative chains of the session material, in particular, to follow the dynamics of free associations and to identify the themes that define the neurosis. He or she pays attention to the silences and their quality, to the repetitions and their context, to the rhythm and the tone of voice, to the emotional discharges, as well as the fluctuations of transference.

This is the moment when the analysand becomes ultimately his or her own analyst and where he acquires the tools for practicing this profession.